Bunion

Alpha Omega Foot and Ankle

Raymon Hanna, DPM

Podiatrist & Foot & Ankle Surgeon located in Palm Harbor, FL

If you notice a bony bump on the inside of your foot at the base of your big toe, you may have a bunion. Podiatrist Raymon Hanna, DPM, MD, AACFAS, treats bunions in patients of all ages at Alpha Omega Foot and Ankle in Palm Harbor, Florida. Bunions are a progressive foot deformity that only gets better with proper treatment. Call the office or book an appointment online today.

Bunion Q & A

What is a bunion?

A bunion is a common foot deformity that causes a bony bump to develop on the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of your big toe. Also called hallux valgus, bunions develop slowly as a result of excess pressure on the big toe joint. A bunion that forms on the little toe is called a bunionette.

What are symptoms of a bunion?

In addition to a visible bump at the base of your big toe on the inside of your foot, signs and symptoms of a bunion include:

  • Pain and tenderness
  • Redness and swelling
  • Corns and calluses
  • Difficulty walking or wearing shoes

Bunion pain can range from mild to severe. As the condition progresses, your big toe may lean in and overlap with your second toe, causing corns or calluses to develop where the toes rub together. Corns and calluses may cause even more pain and difficulty walking.

What causes bunions?

The most common causes of bunions are inherited differences in your foot structure. These mechanical irregularities become aggravated by wearing tight-fitting or narrow shoes. Bunions typically start out small and worsen over time, especially if you continue to wear tight-fitting shoes.

Although anyone can get a bunion, they’re most common among women. This may be because women are more likely to wear tight shoes that squeeze the toes together.

Certain medical conditions, like rheumatoid arthritis and polio, may also cause bunions to develop.

How are bunions diagnosed and treated?

First, Dr. Hanna reviews your symptoms and medical history and carefully examines your foot. Though he may be able to diagnose a bunion based on the appearance of your toe, Dr. Hanna also takes an X-ray to check for damage to the MTP joint.

Then, he develops an individualized treatment plan for your specific condition. If treated early, mild bunion symptoms usually improve with nonsurgical methods, including:

  • Changing to shoes with a roomier toe box
  • Padding or cushioning the bunion
  • Wearing orthotics or night splints

If your bunion continues to cause pain and difficult symptoms despite conservative treatments, Dr. Hanna may recommend surgery to correct the foot deformity.

For expert treatment of bunions, call Alpha Omega Foot and Ankle or book an appointment online today.